Distribution through the gas grid
One of the main ways in which natural gas is transported (after being compressed) is through gas pipelines. Pumping stations located along the pipeline keep the gas flowing through the pipe. The gas is depressurised before being incorporated into the distribution network so it can be used.
Distribution in satellite plants (LNG and LPG)
The least expensive way of transporting gas over long distances is with large tank ships, or carriers, that can safely transport liquefied natural gas (LNG) to any destination in the world. In order to transport the gas, we must first liquefy it at atmospheric pressure and a temperature of -161ºC, shrinking its volume about 600 times.
The gas eventually reaches regasification plants, where it is returned to its original state so it can be used by consumers: the liquefied gas travels through pipes to cryogenic tanks and the LNG undergoes a vaporisation process to increase its temperature. The characteristic unpleasant odour is added so that leaks can be quickly detected, and then the natural gas is sent to the distribution network to be delivered to the end user.